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Heat stress in pets

Posted: Sunday, December 29, 2013 at 2:42:50 PM EST by Cam Day
 

Hot Dogs and Cool Cats

Preventing Heat Stress in Pets

We have wonderful weather in this Sunshine State in Australia and over the holiday period we are likely to be out and about more with our pets.

However, the sunshine can cause another state - heat stress.  You need to be careful that you don't put your pets at risk over the next few months.

Helping your pet to keep its cool this summer is vital and there are some 'tricks of the trade' that will help you to do just that.

The Basics - Shade and WaterProvide water aplenty

Stating the obvious, be sure your pets have adequate shade and water.

Water bowls should be emptied and refilled at least once a day.

When the weather is hot as it is now, provide twice the number  of water bowls.

Be sure the water bowls cannot be tipped over - placing a clean rock in the bowl may help with that.

The water bowls need to be in the shade.

Cats love running water - consider a table-top fountain available from hardware stores but watch the hygiene of these as there is no filter.

Better still buy a Drinkwell Pet Fountain for them.

  • If your pet is outside be certain it has adequate shade in a breezy spot. 
  • If you have a caged bird ensure its cage is not in the direct sunlight as the day wears on.

The Hair of the Dog

It's easy for us to shed unwanted clothes in summer but not so easy for long-haired dogs and cats to shed their coats.

Having your pet clipped now is a good idea and there are many grooming parlours around town that will do the job for you.

Most pets are shedding their coats at this time of year and daily grooming to remove unwanted hair will make your pet more comfortable and will help it to shed excess heat.

Grooming aids, such as Slicker brushes, that are designed to strip loose hair from your pet's coat, can be found at your pet shop and veterinary surgery.

A Cool Abode

It is essential that your pets have adequate shade to rest in at this time of year. It's the afternoon sun that's the killer and therefore you should ensure that a shady spot is provided on the eastern side of your house so that the house itself provides shade. Kennels on the western side are nothing but hot boxes.

The coolest area in your home is underneath the house, and thankfully our Queenslander and Colonial houses provide just the spot for a pet's afternoon snooze.

This is the spot where your pet's water bowls (more than one) should be situated so that they remain cool.

Icy Solutions

To help your pet keep its cool while you are at work, provide some frozen treats for it.

It's a good idea to freeze a cup or two of water and place them in your dog's water bowl in the morning to keep the water cool.

Also, in a plastic lunch box, margarine container or similar, make a nutritious soup by placing a pet multivitamin mixture into some Vegemite broth. Then throw in some chunks of fresh meat, some liver treats and a few veges and freeze the whole lot.

When you go to work, remove the frozen delight from its container and place it into your pet's bowl. It will provide your pet with a stimulating and nutritious boredom blaster during the day that will also keep your hot dog cool.

Pooling Resources 

A clam shell sand pit in a shady spot is a great summer treat for a hot dog. Fill one half of the sand pit with sand and wet the sand in the morning. This will give poochie a cool bed to snooze on. Fill the other half with water and poochie can drink it, sit or paddle in it or play in it, just like a kid at the beach.

Heated Arguments Dogs die in hot cars

Apart from keeping your pets cool at home, be very careful about their care when they are out and about with you because mistakes are too easy to make.

The saddest mistake of all is when a dog dies in a hot car.

The rules are simple. At this time of year, your dog should not travel with you if you are going to stop anywhere other than at your final destination.

Many say "But I'm only going into the shop for a litre of milk - I'll be just a minute". The 'just a minute' extends very quickly if the shop is busy or if you happen to meet a talkative friend.

The highest temperatures are reached in cars of dark colour and with large glass areas. Hatchback cars are the worst, with temperatures quickly exceeding 70 degrees centigrade. This is lethal for any living being, including children, as we have seen recently.

Short nosed breeds of dogs, such as Bull Dogs, Pugs and the Pekingese, are very susceptible to heat stress.  Obese dogs and cats are at risk too, especially 'small fat' dogs. Dogs or cats with poor circulation and dogs with any respiratory disease are also susceptible.

Jogging Dogs Be careful jogging dogs

I cringe when I see people cycling or jogging with their dogs struggling behind. A dog is so faithful that it will try to keep up when it should stop and rest. The owner knows when he or she is getting too hot. However, the dog is so faithful it will ignore the messages from its body that say 'stop'.

The dog's tongue is dangling in a futile attempt to cool its body and it is obviously struggling to keep up. Dogs like this often collapse from circulatory failure.

Heat stress is a major concern over summer but a little common sense is all that is required to help your pets keep their cool. Please be careful.

Fireworks phobia in an older dog

Posted: Sunday, December 29, 2013 at 8:46:31 PM EST by Cam Day

Case Study:- Fireworks phobia in an older dog with medical issues

Alice from Delhi in India asks about noise fears in Houdini, her 11 year old male, entire Cocker Spaniel. fireworks2 on river.jpg

Houdini is a house dog living with four adults, and somone is mostly home. Houdini has significant medical issues including congestive heart failure caused by cardiomyopathy.

He has responded very well to his heart medications over the last year but takes several medications on a daily basis.

Alice’s concern is his nervousness and anxiety around fireworks and other noises.

They are heading towards the festive season in Delhi where fireworks will be a regular occurrence. When Houdini is taken for a walk and a firecracker is heard he runs home.

She is worried the noise phobia, given Houdini’s heart condition and age and asks if the Adaptil pheromone would be useful and if it is safe for dogs with heart conditions.



Alice, there’s a lot going in with Houdini and you are correct to be concerned about the danger of the noise phobia and the panicking that occurs with that.

Houdini’s reaction will cause an increase in heart-rate as he heads towards the flight component of the ‘flight/fight’ response.

Pheromones will certainly help but are best combined with other strategies.

Why a Den is needed

Firstly, in the simplest sense, if Houdini can’t hear the fireworks, he won’t react to them.

Therefore you need to avoid walking him when fireworks are likely. I presume the fireworks occur mostly after dark so that’s a time to avoid walking if you can.
Further, at home, put Houdini into the most sound-proof room you can find. This will implement a principle called the Denning Principle which is vital for noise phobic dogs.

You can measure the level of sound-proofing in the room easily by using a free App on your smart phone. Good rooms are below 20db and a bedroom (especially a walk-in wardrobe) is often one of the most sound-proof areas inside a home.

Improve sound-proofing by closing drapes or by adding sponge rubber inserts (these can be made cheaply) to the windows to prevent noise entering.
Add ‘masking noise’ such as radio, air conditioner or an overhead fan. Such noises have a ‘Muzak-like’ effect to partly hide environmental noises.

Add Pheromones to the Den

Pheromones are safe to use in combination with his heart medications and they could help dramatically.Dog Appeasing Pheromone Diffuser Complete. (Inc. diffuser, 1 bottle of pheromone)
But will Adaptil work for your pet? Ask us!
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No-one matches that.

Add an Adaptil Diffuser to that Den and leave in on all the time during the fireworks season. Turning the diffuser on and off reduces its effectiveness because the wick inside the bottle then dries out.

Also the constant level of Adaptil is likely to draw Houdini into the Den and make that a known comforting sanctuary for him.

If you can predict when the fireworks are about to start, then using the Adaptil Spray (ring for supply) before the event is useful.

Spray this on a bandana (e.g. a handkerchief) and let that sit on a table for five to ten minutes to allow the alcohol carrier to evaporate. Then place that around his neck.

If have to take him out when fireworks are occurring, then spraying his bandana with Adaptil before the walk may help.

Adaptil collars may be available in your area. They are useful if he spends a lot of his time outdoors.

If the problem is severe, because there are no side-effects with pheromones, you can do a ‘triple up’ using the collar, the diffuser and, when needed the spray.

Use a Homeopathic PreparationHomeopet Storm Stress 15ml - dogs up to 10kg. This homeopathic product may aid in providing relief from storm stress in dogs. Select freight options at check out.

In some cases a homeopathic calmative designed for pets is useful.

Homeopet Storm Stress is a harmless preparation you could try. Give him 15 drops (in a small amount of food as that makes it easy to measure) before the fireworks event. That should be compatible with your dog’s heart medications.

Calming Massage

While it may sound a bit unusual, we are often surprised about the benefits of calming massage for dogs that are anxious and panicking. It doesn’t work for all dogs but costs nothing to try.

Rather than describing that, look at this YouTube Video we have created which demonstrates it well.

Medications

Many dogs benefit from the use of targeted anti-anxiety medications. Considering he is on many other medications, you will need to consult with your veterinarian about the safety of the combination but, mostly, your veterinarian should be able to implement a combination that’s safe. Stay away from heavy tranquilisers as some of those have side effects on the cardiovascular system.

If the fireworks season is a long one in your area in India your vet may suggest a slow-onset long-term medication.

If it’s a short season then a ‘when you need it’ medication may fit the bill but your vet will need to be wise about which one to use.

Desensitising him to the noise of FireworksDr Cam's Frightful Noises Audio CD. More than 60 minutes of expert advice on noise fear therapies - and not just a collection of meaningless sound effects. NOW INCLUDES 1 MONTHS MEMBERSHIP TO PETHEALTH

You may also be able to teach Houdini to better tolerate the sounds of firecrackers by using quality recordings. While recording are not always effective the goal is to create a calm state with low-volume fireworks noises and increase the volume as calmness is proven.

Full details are included on this Frightful Noises Audio CD.

More information:-

Dog house-soiling case study

Posted: Sunday, August 25, 2013 at 4:46:31 PM EST by Cam Day

Sudden onset nocturnal house-soiling with urine and faeces in a young dog with ‘wet foot fear’

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 Behaviour DefinitionDownload this case study

Blossom is a 10 month-old neutered Bichon Frise living in a single storey home.

Over the last three weeks she has developed sudden-onset house-soiling behaviour. This involves urination and defecation inside the home but there is no component of urine-marking (she is a desexed female dog).

This behaviour appeared to have coincided with a bad patch of rainy weather three weeks ago.

She is known to be reluctant to travel to the garden when the lush lawn is wet under foot.

She is taken out before bedtime but often will not soil in the garden at these times.

Frequency of soiling

She will now urinate and defecate on a daily basis inside the home.

Time of Day

Mostly overnight when the owners are asleep.

Location of Soiling

The location of the soiling is mostly in the kitchen.

Are their barriers to travelling to the garden?

She can get outside during the day but not over-night. There is no dog door but nocturnal wildlife (toads and snakes) may make free access at night dangerous.

Are medical conditions relevant?

While her faeces were normal in consistency there was a suggestion that Blossom was producing more urine than normal

Solutions advised

1.  Is there a medical cause?

Due to the possible increase rate of urine production, the owners were advised to consult with their local veterinarian and to provide a urine sample for analysis.

Medical conditions can increase urine and faecal production causing an ‘overflow’ effect where a dog cannot contain the excess levels of urine and faeces overnight.

Medical Causes of Behavioural Problems

Some behaviours have a medical cause and this must be treated otherwise the behaviour will not abate. For instance house-soiling can be caused by bladder or bowl disease. Self-mutilation of a paw can be due to skin disease and aggression can be caused by pain. More details from the link on the right.

CLICK HERE

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 2.     Is there a ‘barrier’ which stops house-training and is it an anxiety-based problem?

Barriers to effect house-training can be physical or emotional.

Physical barriers can be a door which is closed when it is normally open. Or the lack of a dog-door to allow easy exit, especially at night when owners may not notice the dog is signalling to get out.

Occasionally other pets will guard a dog door to prevent the subject pet from exiting.

Emotional barriers are anxieties and phobias which may make a pet reluctant to travel to a preferred soiling area.

‘Wet foot fear’ is a very common problem with small dogs and some larger ones. Some dogs dislike getting their feet wet and will choose to soil inside (often on dry mats which is a grass alternative) than to travel the ‘Mount Everest trek’ to the wet garden.

It’s just too difficult for them.

Other dogs experience traumatic incidents in the garden (my dog was attacked by a carpet python at night when 4 months old) and that creates a phobia of the garden which is an ‘emotional barrier’ that stops the dog soiling where it should.

For Blossom, there was a suggestion that ‘wet foot fear’ was an issue but it was not obvious.

Pulsed, reward-based training can often overcome anxieties and fears and the ‘alarming technique’ below is a version of that which was implemented to ‘unstitch the ugly jumper of discontent’ and to re-knit the jumper the way it should be.

Anxieties and Other Mood Disorders of Pets

Do pets have moods?You know the answer to that is ‘yes’ but to what extent do the moods of pets reflect the moods of people? Let’s take a trip through the mood disorders of humans and determine if there are pet correlates

CLICK HERE

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 3.     Implementing the Alarming Technique to Solve House-soiling

For Blossom this involved:-

  1. Knowing that dogs should be able to retain urine and faeces overnight and then soil on rising when an opportunity is given.
  2. The Alarming Technique means setting an alarm to remind the owners many-times-per-day to provide the opportunity for Blossom to soil outside.
  3. This creates a mathematical ‘practice run’ of the ‘Mount Everest trek’ to the garden thus creating many opportunities to reward soiling where it should be occurring.
  4. Refer to the Alarming Technique below for more details.
  5. This technique un-stitches any fear of the outside garden.
  6. It also gave Blossom’s owners the opportunity to more accurately know if she is ‘empty’ on retiring at night.
 ‘Alarming’ Technique for House-Training Dogs This technique works wonders for dog owners who are having a hard time training their pup to go to the toilet correctly. It is simple to use and easy to follow. CLICK HERE

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 4.     Additional Considerations:-

  • Should be confined to the bedroom at night to prevent soiling in the kitchen?
    • Placing a barrier/baby gate at the bedroom door will prevent her exiting to soil in the kitchen. While that creates a risk that she may then soil in the bedroom, it also may mean that the owners are able to pick her signalling that she wants to soil so she can then be taken outside where soiling is rewarded.
    • That requires the owners get up in the middle of the night so it’s not a preferred technique. It also means the owners could be establishing a new pattern of promoting night-time soiling, thus ‘creating a rod for their backs’.
    • Mostly these problems can be prevented in the long-term with the proactive technique in the next section. The owners were advised that a movement sensing alarm could be used to waken and alert them to Blossom’s movements at night so that if she leaves the bedroom they are alerted and can move to take her outside. Again this is not a preferable technique because it requires the owners to wake up in the middle of the night.
  • Proactive training means ‘getting in front of’ the behaviour. In this case the owners could choose to set an alarm to get them to rise at say 2am to allow soiling. This is done for two nights. The time is then changed to 3am, 4am, and then 5am in two to three night jumps so that Blossom is trained to withhold urine  and faeces, knowing she is given an opportunity to soil ‘in the near future’.  Being a labour-intensive ‘getting up at night’ method, this technique is usually only implemented for complex cases.

  • Crating overnight in the bedroom would prevent soiling and will move the production of urine and faeces to the morning when the owners could take Blossom outside. However, in this case, Blossom was not crate trained and that added another involved step in the training regime to create that.

 5.     Cleaning up Blossom’s Deposits

 Additional advice was given on how to clean up Blossom’s urine and faecal deposits. This is best achieved with cleaners that are odourless but that have enzymatic qualities. SmellGone is our preferred product for that.

Talking Scents

This facts sheet talks about animals and their sense of smell and why cleaning up a pet's excretions is important.

CLICK HERE

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Summary

  1. Medical causes of soiling need to be examined and treated if present.
  2. Look for physical or emotional barriers that prevent the journey to the preferred soiling area.
  3. Teach dogs to soil where they should by allowing many opportunities to do that and then rewarding soiling when it does occur.
  4. Clean up in the most effective way by leaving no odour behind.
More details on remedies for  dog house-soiling
Do you have a 'wee' problem with your dog or maybe your pooch is soiling its reputation with you by making a mess around the house. If your dog is doing doo-doos or whoopsies in areas where it shouldn't then the information in this Pet Pick is worth its weight in dog biscuits.

CLICK HERE

 

To get Dr Cam’s help with this problem click here.

That's So Lame

Posted: Thursday, July 4, 2013 at 9:32:52 AM EST by Cam Day

What Causes a Dog to Limp?

It shouldn't happen to a dog - but it does. Hind limb lameness is a real pain and not something that should be ignored.
For convenience, let's divide the causes of lameness into two categories: the first where lameness occurs suddenly, and the second where it occurs slowly or progressively worsens.  

Immediate Lameness

dogfearful200jpgImmediate lameness is usually due to some form of traumatic injury. This can range from simple and usually obvious causes such as a cut, wound or foreign body (e.g. a splinter) occurring in the pad or pads of the foot or to more devious conditions such as ruptured ligaments, fractures or joint diseases or infections.

Talking about a dog's feet for a moment, if a dog is licking its paws excessively and is lame, this could suggest a cut or foreign body affecting the pads or skin of the foot, but it can also suggest an infection called Interdigital Dermatitis that often occurs between the pads on a dog's paws. This dermatitis is, itself, sometimes caused by an injury or allergy that the dog has being licking excessively. The more it licks, the more it itches so the more it licks. This 'lick/itch' cycle establishes quickly and veterinary treatment is often necessary to resolve the problem though sometimes, bathing the wound in salt water and applying a soothing cream may help.

One common cause of immediate limping occurs when a dog ruptures its Cruciate Ligament in the knee joint. This is often seen in active, energetic dogs. The typical history is that the dog was racing around the garden playing with the owner, often chasing balls, when it suddenly slipped and was then lame.

The Cruciate ligaments cross through the middle of the knee joint and stabilise the joint. When ruptured, the tibia (the shank or shin bone) and the femur (the thigh bone) which meet at the knee joint, slip and slide over each other in a most unhappy fashion. The joint loses its strength and stability and the dog experiences pain and discomfort. The best cure for this condition is surgery to repair or replace the ligament.


Occasionally, lameness in the hind limbs has nothing to do with the legs at all. It is often caused by decay of the discs in the spine

 

Fractures are a common cause of lameness and usually follow some significant accident like being struck by a car. When fractures cause lameness, they can be almost anywhere in the leg or hip. They can range from mild (but painful) greenstick fractures where the bone is only cracked, to major compound fractures where the bone is shattered into pieces, sometimes with fragments of bone poking out through the skin.

Some owners report an unusual form of lameness in their dogs. Characteristically, they will say their dog was suddenly very lame in one back leg, dragging the leg behind them with the leg stiff and straight. They will then say with wonder that suddenly the dog became normal again. Often they ask if the dog had a fit.

While fitting does sometimes causes this problem, dislocating kneecaps (luxating patellars) are a much more common reason. This can occur in any breed, but seems to be most common in small breeds such as Chihuahuas and Poodles. It is caused by the sideways movement of the kneecap. When the kneecap moves out of position, it acts like a wedge and tightens the ligaments around the knee so that the animal cannot bend its leg. Suddenly the kneecap slides back into position and the dog can walk normally again.

Another condition of small dogs, especially young ones, that will cause lameness is a condition known as Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease or Femoral Head Necrosis. This is often a condition these small dogs inherit from their parents. Due to a failure of the blood supply to the neck of the femur (the 'ball' part of the hip) the neck decays and a fracture occurs. Severe lameness then results.

Occasionally, lameness in the hind limbs has nothing to do with the legs at all. It is often caused by decay of the discs in the spine and the protrusion of those discs into the spinal cord (a slipped disc). This often occurs around the neck or in the spine in the middle of the back. By pressing on the spinal cord, the disc affects the transmission of signals down the nerves and if the nerve affected goes to the legs, lameness can occur.

When chatting about lameness, we should not forget ticks and their associated problems.

In a 'text book' tick paralysis case, the dogs initially develop a weakness in the hind limbs that can look like lameness. Usually this quickly progresses to the stage that the dog cannot bear weight on its hind limbs and is unable to walk. At the same time, paralysis of the front legs is usually developing, as well as a moist cough that sounds as if the dog is trying to vomit or choke.


Gradual Lameness

When lameness occurs gradually, it is usually due to some progressive condition. The commonest condition by far that causes lameness in the hind quarters is arthritis in all its forms.

Arthritis is often an 'old age' condition and is caused by a number of changes in the structure and function of the bones, joints and ligaments. It can occur in almost any joint but is common in the hips, along the spine, and in the knee joints. A very common cause of arthritis is the condition Hip Dysplasia where there is a deformity of the ball and socket joint of the hip. Instead of the joint being a silky smooth "ball and socket", it is more like a "square peg in a round hole" that grinds and grinds away as the dog walks.

Arthritis can cause its effect through the formation of bony bridges and spikes in and around joints or the bony protrusions can push against nerves along the spine. Typically, a dog with arthritis will have trouble rising after lying down for a while and when first walking will be very stiff, slow and sore. Usually, they get better as they 'warm up' and the joint fluid starts to mobilise.

Thankfully, there are many new anti-arthritic medications on the market that give arthritic dogs a zest for life again.

One of the more serious conditions causing a gradual onset of lameness is tumour development. Tumours in the central nervous system and in the bones often cause lameness. The nastiest are bone tumours or osteosarcomas for which chemotherapy and usually amputation of the affected limb is needed.

Lameness and limping can certainly be serious problems for dogs and cats. If your animal is showing any of the signs above, see your veterinarian as soon as you can to prevent your pet experiencing unnecessary pain.

 

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Check Up Time!

Posted: Friday, June 21, 2013 at 1:32:15 PM EST by Cam Day

Check Up Time!

Are you a forgetful pet owner?

Many of us neglect our once-a-year pet-care jobs because we forget when those duties are due.  Nevertheless, it becomes easier to remember such things when we link them to a particular annual event such as the group of holidays that occur around this time. Times like this can be used to remind us of our yearly duties for our pets.

That way, whenever the fire is crackling and the kids are home from school, you'll remember that you also need to get cracking with your pet's vaccinations, yearly heartworm injection, worming medications and other important pet care tasks.

It's easy to be complacent about pet care because many deadly diseases are so easy to control nowadays. While this complacency can lead to forgetfulness, neglecting tasks, such as your pet's yearly health care check for instance, can have dire consequences.

A Family Affair

So, for a holiday activity, get the kids together so the whole family can take the Pooch and Puss Cat to the local veterinary surgery for their annual check ups. That way, your whole tribe can become immersed in the responsibilities of caring for the family pet.

Ask your vet about the new vaccines that are now available for your dog and cat and be sure you are getting the optimum cover for your pet.

Holidays are also a good time to check on how well you have been getting on with your pet's heartworm protection. Have you been the perfect pet owner and given all the heartworm preventatives your pet needs or have you forgotten some?

If you feel you have missed a few, then a simple heartworm test will show if your dog has a problem and if the worst happens and your pet has a heartworm infection, at least you will know this and your vet can implement treatment before serious problems commence.

If you are forgetting your dog's heartworm pills regularly, perhaps you would be better to change to the once-a-year heartworm preventative so that you can adopt the principle of 'inject and forget'.

Start Young

The principle is to get into the habit of preventative care when you pooch is a pup. When your pup is about three months of age, it can receive its traditional puppy vaccinations and its heartworm injection at the same time.

Your vet will then take on the role of reminding you when your dog's next injections are due.

Intestinal worms are another consideration. Your pets should be dosed with a good-quality intestinal wormer every three months, so the holidays are one of the times you should ear-mark for this task. Use an all-wormer that lays a claim to zapping away all the wrigglers that your dog and cat can harbour.

Tooth Truth

Now is also the time to think about your pet's teeth. Being such a responsible pet owner, I am sure you have been brushing your pet's teeth every day, butteeth001 just in case you have missed a day or two in the last 365, maybe having Fido's or Felix's teeth cleaned at your vet's clinic is a good idea.

This will probably involve an anaesthetic because, unlike humans, pets don't stay still when their teeth are cleaned, and unlike human patients, pet sometimes bite the dentist! Don't let the anaesthetic concern you - modern anaesthetics are very safe and the risk of an anaesthetic is a drop in the ocean compared with the risk involved if your pet has diseased teeth.

It's this time of year that heralds the beginning of chilly weather.  This means that the evil fingers of arthritis will be prodding the old bones of senior pets, thus causing pain and discomfort.  There are many new and effective treatments for arthritis that will minimise the pain and return mobility, so no pet should be forced to hobble its way through winter.

Better be Better Behaved

Lastly, with a bit of extra time over the holidays, why not tackle some of your pet's problem behaviours?  That annoying barking behaviour your pooch is practising or your calamitous cat's claw sharpening behaviour that is wreaking havoc on your furniture could be remedied quite easily.  Having a week or two of holiday time means you can get stuck into the behaviour therapy so that the change occurs much more quickly. All you need is the right advice and we can help! If you'd like a consultation with Dr Cam, click here. If you're after some holiday training with Cassie, click here.

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A Wee Problem With Pups

Posted: Thursday, April 18, 2013 at 11:03:56 AM EST by Cam Day

When you think about it, it's amazing that any pet learns house-training manners at all. When your pet's bowels say 'Now!', your pet has to put into motion several complex thought patterns.

It has to analyse what the stretch receptors in the bowel or bladder are saying. It has to decide where is the most appropriate place to do its deed, and then how it's going to get there.

It may have to let you know that it needs to go outside, hope that you are listening, and that you will open the door. Perhaps it has to negotiate a high flight of steps, which for a small pup, is like climbing Mount Everest and it may have to overcome its dislike of weather conditions that may make the garden unattractive. And what if it has a stomach upset that causes diarrhoea?

There can be many barriers making it difficult for a pup to develop the correct habits and which may thus persuade the pet to take the easy route and deposit nature's call in the house.

If you are a parent, how long did it take you to toilet-train your children? It probably took months before the nappies were hung out to dry for the last time. Most dogs and cats can be toilet-trained as pups or kittens in a week or two. That just goes to show how clever they really are!

The program I use for my clients  is one I term 'Wee Time'.  Try it and you will find your pup is housetrained in no time. The process is broken into sequential steps.

Step One: - Select a toilet spot in the garden. 

beaglepointingRather than allow the pet to soil anywhere, it makes it easier for the pet and you if they have a particular toilet spot. Select a toilet spot and clearly demarcate the area by surrounding it with rope or string or with a simple timber barrier for a short while.

If the pet defecates inside the house, collect the droppings and place them in the toilet area  to decay for a day or two. Hose the droppings  into the soil. The smell will give the pup the message that this area is the toilet.

 

Contents of Next Page (membership required)

The Following Magic Methods Include :

1. Step One: - Select a toilet spot in the garden

2. Step Two: - Predicting the Need

3. Step Three: - Catch and reward the desired behaviour

4. Step Four: - Why you should avoid punishing the house-soiling

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