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House-Soiling And Spraying Cats!

Dr Cam will coach you on the Solutions for House Soiling Cats


Do you have a 'wee' problem with your cat or maybe  your cat is soiling its reputation with you by making a mess around the house. If your cat is spraying, defecating or urinating in areas where it shouldn't then the information in this Pet Pick is worth its weight in cat biscuits.

Science-based Techniques to Help Relieve House Soiling and Spraying Cats!

pawprint  Start here to solve your cat's soiling

Soiled Reputations

pawprint  Spraying behaviour

pawprint  Chronic Renal Diseases in Dogs and Cats

pawprint  Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats

pawprint  Tummy Turmoil

pawprint  Senior Cat Pet Pick

pawprint  Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

pawprint  Feisty Felines

pawprint  Feline Mad

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Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

catalmostboyps200Did you know that if you have a problem with your cat's water works, you would do well to look at its diet first?

Lower urinary tract disease is a common problem with cats but carefully managing your cat's diet can prevent the disease and aid in its treatment.

How Do You Know if Your Cat Has Lower Urinary Tract Disease?

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease, or FLUTD as it is known, is caused by several factors but the result is that your poor puss will show trouble when it goes to the toilet. Usually the cat will urinate more frequently and its urine will often contain blood.

FLUTD is not common in cats less than 12 months of age Cats that are anxious or nervous appear to suffer from the disease more commonly than serene 'couch-potato-puss-cats'.

It occurs in both male and female cats. Female cats pass small volumes of blood-stained urine many times during the day. However, male cats can develop a serious and life-threatening condition. They become 'blocked' and cannot urinate at all. Their bladder increases to an enormous size and if this is not solved, they can be in danger. It is also seen more frequently in obese cats.

A cat with FLUTD will spend a lot of time squatting in the litter tray and will strain to pass urine. If your cat attempts to urinate frequently or its urine is blood-tinged, you should worry about lower urinary tract disease. It may also show pain if you touch it near the abdomen or when you try to pick it up.

What Causes the Condition?

Commonly the condition is caused by the formation of small crystals in the bladder. These crystals can eventually become quite large, forming bladder cat-playing200stones, which certainly cause serious disease. However, some cases of lower urinary tract disease occur without the formation of crystals.

While there are different types of crystals in a cat's urine, by far the commonest crystals are complexes of magnesium, phosphate and calcium. That's why diet is important. Some cat foods, especially the supermarket varieties, are very high in these compounds and therefor promote the formation of crystals. If the diet also makes the cat's urine alkaline or, in other words, gives it a high pH, the crystals are more likely to form.

Bacterial infections of the bladder are common when cats have FLUTD and such an infection will also increase the pH of the urine and favour the production of crystals.

The crystals irritate the bladder wall causing bleeding. In male cats, the crystals pass down the tube from the bladder to the penis where they block the end of the penis, thus preventing the cat from urinating.

Confirming a Diagnosis

To properly diagnose the problem, your veterinarian will need to eliminate other causes of abnormal urination in your cat, including kidney disease, diabetes, other bladder disorders and house-soiling behaviour. For this, your veterinarian will need to test a sample of your cat's urine and may even need to investigate the problem in other ways by, for instance, taking some X rays.

If FLUTD is confirmed, treatment is usually successful. If the cat is blocked, it is very likely that it will receive an emergency anaesthetic to enable the blockage to be treated. A catheter may need to be installed to get the urine flowing properly.

Antibiotics and other medications are often necessary to cure any related infection and to get the urine biochemistry back to normal. A drip is commonly installed to ensure that a good flow of urine is produced.

What About the Effects of Diet?

Hungry CatProper dietary management is important if you want to prevent your cat from suffering from FLUTD. To prevent lower urinary tract disease, your cat should be fed a diet that is low in magnesium, phosphate and calcium - the very minerals that make up the crystals in the first place. The diet should also make the urine slightly acidic to dissolve the crystals in the bladder.

Such diets are readily available and your veterinarian will advise you further on which brand is suitable.

If your cat is affected by the disease, your veterinarian is likely to prescribe a different diet. This will be a specifically formulated prescription diet to treat the condition in the short-term and then another different type of diet to prevent the problem occurring again in the long-term. The diets used are quite specific but your vet will certainly discuss them with you.

The medical and dietary management of FLUTD is complicated and each case is individual. While it is possible to construct your own diet to treat this condition, it is a lot easier and safer to rely on the diets that your veterinarian can supply.