Pethealth - The Veterinary Behaviourist http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist The Veterinary Behaviourist - A blog to help veterinarians provide a professional behaviour management stream in their clinical practice. What do Vets need to do better behaviour managment? http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/veterinary-behaviour-managment-information <h1 style="text-align: center;">Vetbehaviourist.com.au</h1> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><strong>Online resources to help clinical veterinarians easily provide a high quality pet behaviour management service.</strong></h2> <hr /> <h2><strong>Hello Colleague,</strong></h2> <h2><strong>Do you agree that fixing broken bones is easy but fixing broken brains is not</strong></h2> <p><a href="#comments">Click here to leave comments</a><strong><br /></strong></p> <p><strong><img style="vertical-align: middle; display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" title="Vetbehaviourist" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/broken-brain.jpg" alt="Vetbehaviourist" /></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: blink; background-color: #f0f8ff; text-align: center; border-style: solid; border-width: medium; border-color: #d3d3d3;"><a href="http://www.swiftpage3.com/CamDayConsulting.camday/Surveyvetsurvery/Survey.aspx" target="_blank">Click here to tell us what you need to fix broken brains</a></p> <p>The more I speak to vets and nurses about behaviour cases, the more I realise that vets don&rsquo;t have the resources they need to make behaviour cases easier.</p> <p>But most vets and nurses have a passion for behaviour and would like to do more work in the area.</p> <h3><strong>We can help with that and the purpose of this email is to introduce you to the Veterinary Behaviourist Project.</strong></h3> <p>Fixing broken bones is easier because you can see the fracture and can plan the cure easily.</p> <p>You can&rsquo;t see where a brain is broken which means pet behaviour therapy is a very intuitive science.</p> <p>And it&rsquo;s so time consuming - but fun all the same.</p> <p><strong>The Veterinary Behaviourist Project</strong> will be launched soon but you can express your interest in that now by letting me know what resources you would like to have available.</p> <p>I will then see what I can do to provide them.</p> <p>Here&rsquo;s a simple overview of the Project:-</p> <h3 style="padding-left: 30px;"><strong><em>Overview</em></strong></h3> <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><strong><em>The Veterinary Behaviourist Project is one of three projects that exists within the PETHEALTH Project.</em></strong></p> <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><strong><em>Its goal is to provide online, science-based solutions for pet behaviour management to the Veterinary profession.</em></strong></p> <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><strong><em>It will achieve this by focussing on two critical elements:-</em></strong></p> <ol style="padding-left: 30px;"> <li style="padding-left: 30px;"><strong><em> That veterinarians will benefit from resources that will help them assess, diagnose and treat behaviour cases.</em></strong></li> <li style="padding-left: 30px;"><strong><em>That veterinarians need a business model that will enable them to profit from behaviour cases</em></strong></li> </ol> <p>I will be honest &ndash; the reason I can produce the Veterinary Behaviourist Project is because it combines two of my passions.</p> <p>The first is a passion for the science of pet behaviour management.</p> <p>But the second is an equal passion I have for technology and web-based widgets that provide for online education to just about anyone. Nowadays, that can happen on most technology platforms including PCs, iThings and Androids.</p> <p>Enough for now!&nbsp; The mangled minds of mayhem-making mutts and man-eating moggies beckons my call so we will talk again soon.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Please let me know your thoughts and I will get the ball rolling.</p> <p style="font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: blink; background-color: #f0f8ff; text-align: center; border-style: solid; border-width: medium; border-color: #d3d3d3;"><a href="http://www.swiftpage3.com/CamDayConsulting.camday/Surveyvetsurvery/Survey.aspx" target="_blank">Click here to tell us what you need to fix broken brains</a></p> <p>Cheers</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Dr Cam Day BVSc BSc MACVS (Animal Behaviour)</strong></p> <div align="center"> <table style="width: 580px;" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td>&nbsp;<img title="cevalogo" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/cevalogo.png" alt="cevalogo" width="99" height="99" /></td> <td> <p><strong>Thanks goes to Ceva Animal Health for joining with this project and for providing partial funding.</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <p><strong><a name="comments"></a></strong></p> The worst pet behaviours of 2102 finally revealed! http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/the-worst-pet-behaviours-of-2102-finally-revealed <span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong><span style="font-size: large;">Hello Colleague,</span></strong></span></span></span></span></span> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><span style="font-size: large;">The worst pet behaviours of 2102 finally revealed!<img style="float: right; margin-right: 10px; margin-left: 10px;" title="Escaping dogs are a welfare concern" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/Sad_dog_at_fence-SML.jpg" alt="Escaping dogs are a welfare concern" width="200" height="132" /></span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;">Perhaps that headline is a bit overcooked but I&nbsp;always find it's interesting doing a year's end analysis of the behaviour problems pet owners want remedied.</span><br /><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;">So, I have just done the evil behaviour list for 2012 and <em>'the secret never-before-revealed results are now released'.</em></span><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br />The evil list should be of i</span><span style="font-family: Arial;">nterest to you because most of these cases are those referred to us by Veterinarians. </span><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br />That means this 'bad behaviour' list shows the behaviour cases that worry you the most as well.<br /><strong><br />It's not astounding that aggressive dogs and cats are the most common behaviour we deal with.<br /><br /></strong>However, I&nbsp;note the proportion of aggressive dogs is increasing each year. Over the last few years that percentage has increased from 38% to almost 45%.<br /><br />Excess vocalisation is the second most common behaviour but at 16%&nbsp;of cases, it's a distant second from aggression.<br /><br />Separation related behaviours come in at third place.<br /><br />As always there are two behaviour clusters that worry cat owners - aggression and soiling. And those two behaviour clusters represent 70% of the owner's temper turmoils.<br /><br /><strong>I always say that if you want to become a Veterinary Behaviourist, start with cats because you only have to become an expert in two behaviour clusters to cater for the needs of 70% of your cat-owning clientele. </strong><br /><br />The data is summarised in the tables below.<br /><br /><span style="font-size: medium;"><strong>Some questions that are always asked about this data:-</strong></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br /></span><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Q. Where do we get this data? </strong></span><span><span><span><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span><span><span><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span><span><span><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span><span><span><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span><span><span><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au"><img style="float: right;" title="Get Behaviour help with Dr Cam" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/behaviour_button.jpg" alt="Click to access Pethealth.com.au" width="100" height="85" align="right" border="0" hspace="10" /></a></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br />A.&nbsp; Pet owners complete our <a href="http://pethealth.com.au">Behaviour Assessment form (click here)</a> and pick their m</span><span style="font-family: Arial;">o</span><span style="font-family: Arial;">st</span><span style="font-family: Arial;"> significant worry from a drop-down list.</span><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br /><strong>Q. Are the behaviours listed a true diagnosis?</strong></span><br /><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br />A. No they are not. They are only what the client chooses to select as their first priority behaviour to be resolved. Diagnosis is part of the assessment that happens when a pet owner books a consultation. The therapy then kicks in as the second step of the process and the follow-up phase is the third step which ensures the diagnosis, assessment and therapy are being effective. <br /><br /><strong>Q. But aggressive dogs also bark or may be anxious so how relevant is this data?<br /></strong><br />A. That's an important observation. The very nature of behaviour is that there is almost always an overlap between behaviour clusters. Dogs with separation anxiety vocalise. Dogs which are aggressive vocalise and dogs which escape often have noise phobias or separation anxiety.<br /><br /></span></p> <table style="width: 90%; border-collapse: collapse; margin-left: 4.65pt;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tbody> <tr style="height: 21pt;"> <td style="padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 276pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 21pt; padding-top: 0cm;" colspan="3" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="368"> <div align="center">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: left;"><strong>Table 1</strong><strong><span style="font-size: 16pt;"><br /></span></strong></div> <div align="center"><strong><span style="font-size: 16pt;">Dog Behaviour Submissions 2012</span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; padding-top: 0cm; border: windowtext 1pt solid;" width="131"> <div><span style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Behaviour cluster</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: windowtext 1pt solid; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Number of cases</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: windowtext 1pt solid; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right">&nbsp;</div> <div align="right"><strong><span style="font-size: 11pt;">%</span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Aggression</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">438</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">44.79%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Barking</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">160</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">16.36%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Separation anxiety</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">145</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">14.83%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Destructive</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">45</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">4.60%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Noise phobia</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">45</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">4.60%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Boisterous</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">28</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.86%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 16.5pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 16.5pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Pheromone inquiry</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 16.5pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">25</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 16.5pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.56%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">House soiling</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">24</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.45%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Fearful</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">20</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.04%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Anxious</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">19</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.94%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Escaping</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">12</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.23%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Attention seeking</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">6</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">0.61%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Pacing/tail chasing</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">6</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">0.61%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Assimilation</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">5</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">0.51%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="131"> <div><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="173"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 98pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="131"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="font-size: 11pt;">TOTAL</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 130pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="173"> <div align="right"><a name="RANGE!B22"></a>&nbsp;</div> <div align="right"><a name="RANGE!B22"></a><strong><span style="font-size: 11pt;">978</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 48pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="64"> <div><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br /><br /></span></span></p> <table style="width: 90%; border-collapse: collapse; margin-left: 4.65pt;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tbody> <tr style="height: 21pt;"> <td style="padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 277.2pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 21pt; padding-top: 0cm;" colspan="3" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="370"> <div align="center">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: left;"><span><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Table 2<br /></strong></span></span></span></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 16pt;">Cat Behaviour </span></strong><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: arial; font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><span style="font-size: 16pt;">Submissions </span></strong></span></span></span></span><strong><span style="font-size: 16pt;">2012</span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 38.25pt;"> <td style="padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 38.25pt; padding-top: 0cm; border: windowtext 1pt solid;" width="185"> <div><span style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Behaviour cluster</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 38.25pt; border-top: windowtext 1pt solid; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Number of cases</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 38.25pt; border-top: windowtext 1pt solid; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right">&nbsp;</div> <div align="right"><strong><span style="font-size: 11pt;">%</span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Aggression</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">65</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">38.24%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">House-soiling</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">55</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">32.35%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Fearful and anxious</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">9</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">5.29%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Pheromone inquiry </span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">9</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">5.29%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Destructive chewing</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">5</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.94%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Escaping</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">5</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.94%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 16.5pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 16.5pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Attention seeking</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 16.5pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">4</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 16.5pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.35%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Vocalising/meowing</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">4</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">2.35%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Assimilation</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">3</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.76%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Boisterous</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">3</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.76%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Over-grooming</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">3</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.76%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Separation anxiety</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">3</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.76%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong><span style="color: black;">Anxious</span></strong></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="color: black;">2</span></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;">1.18%</span></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 15pt;"> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: 1pt solid; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 139pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="185"> <div><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 88.55pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" width="118"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: 1pt solid; border-left: medium none; padding-bottom: 0cm; padding-left: 5.4pt; width: 49.65pt; padding-right: 5.4pt; height: 15pt; border-top: medium none; border-right: 1pt solid; padding-top: 0cm;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="66"> <div align="right"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br /><br />Cheers and keep misbehaving.<br /></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Dr Cam Day BVSc BSc MACVS (Animal Behaviour)</strong></span></p> <table style="width: 580px;" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><img style="float: left;" title="Pethealth is partly sponsored by Ceva Animal Health" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/cevalogo.png" alt="Pethealth is partly sponsored by Ceva Animal Health" width="50" height="50" align="left" /></strong></span><br /></span></p> </td> <td align="middle" valign="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Thank</strong></span><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>s go to Ceva Animal Health for providing partial funding for this project.</strong></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><br /></strong></span></p> Panic Disorders in Dogs – The Ghosts of Traumas Past http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/panic-disorders-in-dogs-–-the-ghosts-of-traumas-past <h1 style="text-align: center;">Panic Disorders in Dogs &ndash; The Ghosts of Traumas Past</h1> <p>In the last two weeks I have seen some interesting panic disorders in dogs, all of which have had the theme of &lsquo;back yard scary ghosts&rsquo;.</p> <h3><strong>What is a panic disorder?</strong></h3> <p>A panic disorder is the ugly parent of an anxiety disorder and is easily recognised. <a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Page&amp;PageID=10158">(More information)</a></p> <p>Panicking dogs show severe autonomic signs of distress and almost always include:-</p> <ul> <li>hyperventilation</li> <li>trembling</li> <li>excessive salivation</li> <li>hypervigilance and hyperactivity</li> <li>dilated pupils</li> <li>posturing signals of ears being tucked back, tail tucked&nbsp; and tenseness of facial musculature.</li> </ul> <p>If the owners are present, the dogs usually demonstrate profound comfort seeking (which is different from attention seeking) usually by</p> <ul> <li>climbing onto the owner&rsquo;s lap</li> <li>nuzzling</li> <li>distressed vocalising</li> <li>frantic clawing of the owners.</li> </ul> <p>If the owners are absent, the dogs will often attempt to escape from the area they are confined in (usually the garden or backyard) or will try to &lsquo;inscape&rsquo; into the home. The damage to fences or to back doors can be immense.</p> <p>This is an attempt to flee from the &lsquo;ghost&rsquo; causing the trauma.</p> <p><strong>But it&rsquo;s the damage the dogs do to themselves that distresses the owners and you as a veterinarian who has to repair that damage.</strong></p> <p>Sometimes the &lsquo;ghostly cause&rsquo; is obvious &ndash; thunderstorms and firework events are common traumas. However, in many cases the cause is not at all obvious and impossible to determine.</p> <p>The latter we call <strong>&lsquo;back yard panic disorders&rsquo;</strong> because we don&rsquo;t know the ghost that&rsquo;s causing the problem.</p> <p>Here is an interesting case study &nbsp;that describes the almost &lsquo;forensic&rsquo; level you need to get to establish a diagnosis and cure.</p> <h3><strong>Molly - back yard panic disorder of unknown origin<img style="float: right; margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px;" title="staffordshireterriers" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/stafforshireterriers.jpg" alt="staffordshireterriers" width="201" height="250" /></strong></h3> <p>Molly is a 5 year old purebred Staffordshire Bull Terrier living on an acreage property with another male Staffordshire Bull Terrier of the same age. The owners are retired and mostly home.</p> <p>The dogs are allowed to free-roam the property at night via an always-open dog door.</p> <p>Molly&rsquo;s panic is nocturnal only starting at about 1am.</p> <p>During this time she comes into the owner&rsquo;s bedroom and practices extensive comfort-seeking with clawing of the owners to wake them up. At such times she is hyperventilating, hypervigilant and inconsolable.</p> <p>This behaviour started suddenly, three weeks before the consultation. &nbsp;For years previously she has not demonstrated this behavioural problem. The panic did not occur during the day and was not shown by her in-contact Staffordshire Terrier.</p> <p><strong>So, what was the cause?</strong></p> <p>Simply put, we don&rsquo;t know.</p> <p>The features are that Molly is allowed garden access during the night, the panic disorder is only expressed at night and it started suddenly rather than being of slow and gradual onset.</p> <p>So a &lsquo;ghost of the night&rsquo; is affecting the dog and it appeared to be of a traumatic origin.</p> <p>While there could be many causes,&nbsp; our thoughts were mostly centred around interactions with nocturnal wildlife and particularly snakes.&nbsp; Carpet pythons were known to be present.</p> <p>A diagnosis of a post-traumatic panic disorder was made.</p> <h3><strong>Treatment</strong></h3> <p>In the absence of a defined cause, the dogs were prevented from accessing the garden at night to determine if the &lsquo;ghost of the night&rsquo; was a &lsquo;garden ghost&rsquo; or an &lsquo;inside the house ghost&rsquo;.</p> <p>The dog was already being treated with a routine dose of fluoxetine (once daily) and diazepam given at night and this was continued.</p> <p>An Adaptil diffuser was added to the bedroom.</p> <p>The owners were asked to ring to report progress in 7 days and at 14 days.</p> <h3><strong>Follow up</strong></h3> <p>At 7 days, the owners reported a complete cessation of the nocturnal panic which occurred from the first night of confinement.&nbsp; Diazepam was being used nightly.</p> <p>Because we were not convinced the diazepam was needed, that was stopped at this time.</p> <p>At 14 days the owner reported the panic disorder was eliminated apart from one minor issue of attention seeking on one night which was easily diverted.</p> <p>A plan was implemented to review the need for fluoxetine in eight weeks but in the interim the owners were planning to test some garden access at night to see if the problem re-occurred with that change.</p> <h3><strong>Conclusion</strong></h3> <p>For this case the cause of the trauma is unknown. The concept of testing if the trauma was garden-related or &lsquo;inside-the-house&rsquo; related was considered important.</p> <p>If the panic had continued with night-time in-house confinement, further investigations would be needed to determine if there was a cause. Common &lsquo;inside the house&rsquo; causes are high-pitched burglar alarms and smoke alarms and also home invasions. However none of those seemed to be the cause in this case.</p> <p>While diazepam can be effective for panic disorders, that was tested by stopping the diazepam after 7 days. No detrimental effect of that change was noted.</p> <p>We therefore concluded the trauma was an unknown event that occurred in the garden only.</p> <p><em>We have a similar case we have just started working with involving a Staffordshire Terrier cross with panic-related escape behaviour. It is likely this dog is suffering repeated bite wounds from backyard insects but we will report more in that in our next bulletin.</em></p> <h4><strong><em>More information</em></strong></h4> <a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Page&amp;PageID=10158"><em>Anxiety disorders in dogs</em></a><br /><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Page&amp;PageID=220"><em>Noise phobias in dogs</em></a><br /><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Page&amp;PageID=344"><em>Escaping behaviour</em></a><br /><em><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Page&amp;PageID=306">Separation Anxiety</a><br /></em> Give your cleints free membership to PETHEALTH http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/how-vets-can-give-free-membership-to-clients <br /> <h1 style="text-align: center;">Did you know you can give</h1> <h1 style="text-align: center;">free PETHEALTH.com.au membership</h1> <h1 style="text-align: center;">to your clients?</h1> <h2><strong>Full Access Membership to PETHEALTH.com.au for Veterinary Clients</strong></h2> <p><img style="margin-left: 10px; margin-right: 10px; float: right;" title="Considering membership? Many benefits!" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/computerscreen.jpg" alt="Considering membership? Many benefits!" width="176" height="265" />Did you know that with a <a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Category&CategoryID=63"><strong>Vets-Silver or Vets-Gold login</strong> </a>you can <strong>give your clients free membership to PETHEALTH.com.au </strong>which gives them many benefits.<strong><br /></strong></p> <p>That happens with a<strong> Client Login facility</strong> activated via <strong>www.VETBEHAVIOURIST.com.au</strong></p> <p>The <strong>Client Login</strong> is a simple gateway which allows your clients to get membership with PETHEALTH.com.au as a benefit of your <strong>www.VETBEHAVIOURIST.com.au </strong>company login.</p> <p>When you sign up for a <strong><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Category&CategoryID=63"><strong>Vets-Silver or Vets-Gold login</strong></a> </strong>we will create a <strong>separate username and password</strong> (usually based on your clinic name) that you can provide to your clients.</p> <p>Your clients then have access to PETHEALTH.com.au and that continues for as long as your own business login is active.</p> <h3 style="text-align: center;"><strong><em>Here’s a cheat – you can give free access to your staff as well</em></strong></h3> <h2><strong>Some features of the Client Login facility:-</strong></h2> <ul> <li>It’s easy to confirm your client’s login details - write the Client Login Username and Password onto the cards we provide and give the card to your cleint.<br /><br /></li> <li>Presently, there is no time-limit to the client login. Your clients benefit from the member’s access while your own Vetbehaviourist login is active.<br /><br /></li> <li>It’s your choice whether you charge for the membership or not. If you want to see the normal charges for members’ access you can check them online at PETHEALTH.com.au. <strong>(Personally I think you should charge $26.00 – equivalent to one month’s membership.)<br /><br /></strong></li> <li>Client membership works hand-in-glove with the <em><strong>Smart-forms</strong></em></li> <ul> <li>Assess a case using the relevant <em><strong>Smart-form.</strong></em></li> <ul> <li>(With a Vet-Silver or Verts-Gold you can email hat Smart-form to me for review remembering you have 60 minutes of phone-support per month for this purpose.</li> </ul> <li>The Client membership you provide then allows your client full access to all the solutions listed in the Smart Form. That’s a well-rounded service.<br /><br /></li> <li>If you do need to refer the case, the Client Login also allows them a 10% discount in our fees if they choose the pre-pay option. (However please note the concept of www.VETBEHAVIOURIST.com.au is to get you to do the consultations – not me!!)<br /><br /></li> <li>You can also allow your staff to use the <strong>Client Login</strong> facility to give them access to www.PETHEALTH.com.au</li> </ul> </ul> <h2 style="text-align: center;">To activate a Client Login facility, activate a <a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Category&CategoryID=63"><strong>Vets-Silver or Vets-Gold login here</strong></a> for your clinic.</h2> <p>In the meantime – keep misbehaving.</p> <p>Cheers</p> <p> </p> Dr Cam Day BVSc BSc MACVS<br />Animal Behaviour Veterinarian<br /><br id="tinymce" class="mceContentBody maincontent" /> Give your clients free membership to PETHEALTH http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/free-membership-to-clients <span style="color: #111111; font-size: 2em; font-weight: bold; line-height: 1.25;">Did you know you can give</span><br /> <div class="span-14"> <h1>free PETHEALTH.com.au membership</h1> <h1>to your clients?</h1> <h2><strong>Full Access Membership to PETHEALTH.com.au for Veterinary Clients</strong></h2> <p><img title="Considering membership? Many benefits!" src="http://www.pethealth.com.au/images/computerscreen.jpg" alt="Considering membership? Many benefits!" width="176" height="265" />Did you know that with a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Category&amp;CategoryID=63"><strong>Vets-Silver or Vets-Gold login</strong>&nbsp;</a>you can&nbsp;<strong>give your clients free membership to PETHEALTH.com.au&nbsp;</strong>which gives them many benefits.<strong><br /></strong></p> <p>That happens with a<strong>&nbsp;Client Login facility</strong>&nbsp;activated via<strong>www.VETBEHAVIOURIST.com.au</strong></p> <p>The&nbsp;<strong>Client Login</strong>&nbsp;is a simple gateway which allows your clients to get membership with PETHEALTH.com.au as a benefit of your&nbsp;<strong>www.VETBEHAVIOURIST.com.au&nbsp;</strong>company login.</p> <p>When you sign up for a&nbsp;<strong><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Category&amp;CategoryID=63"><strong>Vets-Silver or Vets-Gold login</strong></a>&nbsp;</strong>we will create a&nbsp;<strong>separate username and password</strong>&nbsp;(usually based on your clinic name) that you can provide to your clients.</p> <p>Your clients then have access to PETHEALTH.com.au and that continues for as long as your own business login is active.</p> <h3><strong><em>Here&rsquo;s a cheat &ndash; you can give free access to your staff as well</em></strong></h3> <h2><strong>Some features of the Client Login facility:-</strong></h2> <ul> <li>It&rsquo;s easy to confirm your client&rsquo;s login details - write the Client Login Username and Password onto the cards we provide and give the card to your cleint.<br /><br /></li> <li>Presently, there is no time-limit to the client login. Your clients benefit from the member&rsquo;s access while your own Vetbehaviourist login is active.<br /><br /></li> <li>It&rsquo;s your choice whether you charge for the membership or not. If you want to see the normal charges for members&rsquo; access you can check them online at PETHEALTH.com.au.<strong>(Personally I think you should charge $26.00 &ndash; equivalent to one month&rsquo;s membership.)<br /><br /></strong></li> <li>Client membership works hand-in-glove with the&nbsp;<em><strong>Smart-forms</strong></em></li> <ul> <li>Assess a case using the relevant&nbsp;<em><strong>Smart-form.</strong></em></li> <ul> <li>(With a Vet-Silver or Verts-Gold you can email hat Smart-form to me for review remembering you have 60 minutes of phone-support per month for this purpose.</li> </ul> <li>The Client membership you provide then allows your client full access to all the solutions listed in the Smart Form. That&rsquo;s a well-rounded service.<br /><br /></li> <li>If you do need to refer the case, the Client Login also allows them a 10% discount in our fees if they choose the pre-pay option. (However please note the concept of www.VETBEHAVIOURIST.com.au is to get you to do the consultations &ndash; not me!!)<br /><br /></li> <li>You can also allow your staff to use the&nbsp;<strong>Client Login</strong>&nbsp;facility to give them access to www.PETHEALTH.com.au</li> </ul> </ul> <h2>To activate a Client Login facility, activate a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/index.cfm?Do=View.Category&amp;CategoryID=63"><strong>Vets-Silver or Vets-Gold login here</strong></a>&nbsp;for your clinic.</h2> <p>In the meantime &ndash; keep misbehaving.</p> <p>Cheers</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr Cam Day BVSc BSc MACVS<br />Animal Behaviour Veterinarian</div> Social media for vets – an experiment described! http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/social-media-for-vets-–-an-experiment-described <h1 align="center"><strong>How creative use of social media can increase web traffic by a factor of 8</strong></h1> <h3><strong>Colleagues</strong>,</h3> <p>What&rsquo;s the value of social media for veterinarians? Maybe I am a bit geeky but I love playing with technology and with websites everything is measurable.</p> <p>Recently I performed two &lsquo;twitter experiments&rsquo; to share pet behaviour remedies. Both experiments were along the theme of a &lsquo;Twitter essay in 10 parts&rsquo;.</p> <p>Because Twitter is based around posts of 140 characters or less it was an interesting and even humorous challenge.</p> <p>The first essay was entitled &lsquo;<strong><em>A Short 10 Point Essay on Dog Separation Anxiety&rsquo;</em></strong></p> <p>The second was &lsquo;<strong><em>A Ten Step Essay to Remedy Cat Soiling&rsquo;</em></strong></p> <h5 style="padding-left: 30px;">You can see the Twitter Essays here:-</h5> <ul style="padding-left: 30px;"> <li style="padding-left: 30px;"><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/Page/a-10-point-twitter-essay-on-remedies-for-dog-separation-anxiety">&lsquo;<strong><em>A Short 10 Point Essay on Dog Separation Anxiety&rsquo;</em></strong><strong><em></em></strong></a></li> <li style="padding-left: 30px;"><a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/Page/a-10-point-twitter-essay-on-solving-cat-soiling" target="_blank"><strong><em>&lsquo;<strong><em>A Ten Step Essay to Remedy Cat Soiling&rsquo;</em></strong></em></strong></a></li> </ul> <p>The results were interesting because we achieved an 8-fold increase in web traffic in seconds.</p> <p>Here&rsquo;s the process we followed in case you want to have fun with your own social media.</p> <p><strong>METHOD</strong></p> <p><strong>Step 1</strong> Search for a hashtag (#)that hasn&rsquo;t be used yet &nbsp;which simply describes the essay. In this case #SEPANX and #CATSPRAY. (See discussion if you don&rsquo;t know what this means.)</p> <p><strong>Step 2&nbsp;</strong> Prepare the sequential Tweets offline and add the hashtag to each one.</p> <p><strong>Step 3</strong> Add hyperlinks to more information on your web.</p> <p><strong>Step 4</strong>&nbsp; Edit the tweet and links so it fits into 140 characters. (That&rsquo;s hard.)</p> <p><strong>Step 5</strong>&nbsp; Determine how many are browsing your site.</p> <p><strong>Step 6</strong>&nbsp; Send the Tweets</p> <p><strong>Step 7</strong>&nbsp; Then review the result by looking at how many are browsing and looking at your Tweets.</p> <p>It took about 30 minutes to write each essay and 5 minutes to send the tweets.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong></p> <p>For both experiments the number online on our site was much the same at about 20 each time.</p> <p>For the separation anxiety essay the number climbed to a maximum of 95 within 5 minutes and maintained that level for about 15 minutes.</p> <p>For the soiling essay the number increased to 148 in 5 minutes and because we wanted to see if we could break through 150 we sent an additional tweet which then climbed the responders to 168.</p> <p>The level was maintained for at least 20 minutes.</p> <p><strong>DISCUSSION</strong></p> <p>Our site gives us the ability to see not only how many people are online but what people are looking at while they are browsing. So it&rsquo;s easy to see people are looking at the information we tweeted. Therefore it&rsquo;s easy to measure the effects of such experiments immediately.</p> <p>The use of Hashtags may require description. Hashtags are like user-created keywords. They allow users of social media to create searchable conversations. <a href="https://support.twitter.com/articles/49309-what-are-hashtags-symbols">More information</a></p> <p>In most social media software packages, you can search for hashtags to follow conversations or topics. Nobody &lsquo;owns&rsquo; a hashtag. They are just something people use.</p> <p>For example if you google #CATSOIL you will come across some of our tweets. If you search for #CATSOIL in Twitter or Tweetdeck you are likely to see all or our tweets.</p> <p>So, hashtags are useful if a person misses some of your conversation. By clicking on a hashtag anyone can see all topics relating to that conversation.</p> <p>The first essay on separation <a href="http://www.pethealth.com.au/Page/anxieties-and-other-mood-disorders-of-pets#anxiety">anxiety</a> &nbsp;increased traffic from 20 online browsers to 95 in about 5 minutes.&nbsp; That level was maintained for about 15 minutes and we could see that users were accessing more than just the information tweeted. That is, they were investigating deeper into our site.</p> <p>The second essay on cat soiling remedies increased traffic from 19 to 148, also in about 5 minutes.</p> <p>We wanted to break through the 150 barrier so, one additional tweet was sent. That then pushed that number to 168 within 60 seconds.&nbsp; That level was maintained for more than 20 minutes.</p> <p>The business people amongst you will ask &lsquo;did that put money in the bank&rsquo;</p> <p>Sadly the answer is NO at least not directly as far as we could ascertain.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSION</strong></p> <p>This experiment shows that creative use of social media can increase web traffic by a factor of 8 within minutes and is an effective, simple brand awareness technique but not necessarily an income-generating technique.</p> <p>But, a single essay gives short lived results.</p> <p>It illustrates why some business operators employ staff to do nothing other than run their social medial campaigns.</p> <p>Presumably sensible information sent by social media on a regular basis will not only build brand awareness but also income.</p> <p>It&rsquo;s all a numbers game.</p> <p>Thanks for your time and keep misbehaving.</p> <p><br /> Cam</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Gentle Leader Head Collar Suppresses End-stage Tail Chasing http://www.pethealth.com.au/Blog/the-veterinary-behaviourist/Post/gentle-leader-head-collar-supresses-end-stage-tail-chasing <h1><span><strong><span>Gentle Leader Head Collar Suppresses End-stage Tail Chasing</span></strong></span></h1> <p><span><span>I would like to share with you an interesting finding about end-stage tail chasing in English Bull Terriers.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>It involves the use of a Gentle Leader Head Collar to suppress, but not cure, the behaviour.</span></span></p> <p><strong><span><span>You should view the video of a case below.</span></span></strong></p> <p><span><span>English Bull Terriers (i.e. the &lsquo;Roman Nose&rsquo; bull terriers) show the worst case tail-chasing with self-mutilation behaviours of all breeds.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>In the past they were often regarded as being untreatable but nowadays targeted remedies are very effective.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>These dogs often present in a miserable state in a state of extreme duress where their life is driven to chase their tail to the exclusion of any other activity. </span></span></p> <h3><strong><span><span>Quality of Life score is abysmal and welfare is seriously affected. They need an immediate remedy and the Gentle Leader appears to help in the early stages to improve quality of life and welfare.</span></span></strong></h3> <p><span><span>I find that they are so driven to chase their tail that holding them by the collar to stop that is very hard &ndash; they are just so strong &ndash; and the video below shows that clearly. (I was having trouble holding this dog!!)</span></span></p> <h2><span><strong><span>What about the Gentle Leader?</span></strong></span></h2> <p><span><span>I have now used this in about three cases of end-stage tail chasing in English Bull Terriers. Not a large number of cases.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>In each case it provided IMMEDIATE relief of the tail chasing. It didn&rsquo;t cure it but suppressed it.<br /><br /></span></span></p> <p><span><span>The video below shows:-</span></span></p> <p><span><span>1.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The dog&rsquo;s raw state with profound tail chasing</span></span></p> <p><span><span>2.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Placement of the Gentle Leader Head Collar stopped the behaviour immediately</span></span></p> <p><span><span>3.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Removal of the Gentle Leader cause immediate resumption of the tail chasing</span></span></p> <p><span><span>4.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Placing the collar again created an immediate suppression of the behaviour.<br /><br /></span></span></p> <p><span><span>It&rsquo;s interesting and to be honest I don&rsquo;t know why it works but it only works if the head-band is quite a tight fit (as recommended by the Gentle Leader manufacturers).</span></span></p> <p><span><span>I contacted the owner 7 days later and she reports the dog was 98% cured in 48 hours.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>It was a combination of medications that created the change but the Gentle Leader provided immediate relief to allow time for the medications to have their effect.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>The Gentle Leader was not needed after 48 hours.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Causes of tail chasing can be many. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>It can be compulsive, pain related, or neurogenic in origin and some think it may be seizure activity.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Some can be &lsquo;trained&rsquo; not to tail chase (I have never seen that work for English Bull Terriers) using pulsed, reward-based cognitive therapy.&nbsp; This appears effective some Maltese Terriers and Fox Terriers.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>But for the bad cases a careful selection of medications is often needed.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Here&rsquo;s the video!!!!!</span></span></p> <p><span><span><iframe style="display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/2H9beLOvets" frameborder="0" width="503" height="284"></iframe><br /></span></span></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H9beLOvets"><span><span>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H9beLOvets</span></span></a></p> <p><span><span>Keep misbehaving but please leave your comments below<br /> <br /> Cam</span></span></p> <p><span><span><br /></span></span></p>